Tazir crime in Islamist law refers to crimes committed that the Quran doesn’t directly provide a prescribed punishment for. Examples of tazir offenses include kissing before marriage, flirting without sex, or, in this case, smuggling.
ISIS religious police, known as “hisbah,” carry out the crucifixion. However, the accused smugglers aren’t killed like previous victims of ISIS crucifixions, but are forced to be displayed for public humiliation. Hisbah is short for “rijaal al-hisbah” and translates to “men who guard against infringements.” “Infringements” in this context refers to anything seen as non-Islamic by sharia law interpretation.
According to the Learn to Read the Quran, hisbah police duties includes the monitoring of:
1- Free mixing of the sexes and wanton display of beauty (tabarruj) which are forbidden according [to sharia.]Cigarettes are illegal under the Islamic State because they are viewed as a form of suicide, which is illegal under Islamist sharia law.
2- Imitation of either of the sexes by the other.
3- Men making approaches to women either verbally or by their actions.
4- Profane, obscene or indecent speech.
5- Playing radios, TVs or recorders etc. near mosques or in such a way as to disturb the worshippers.
6- Non-Muslims openly manifesting their beliefs or the symbols of their religion, or showing disrespect towards the symbols and rulings of Islam.
7- Displaying or selling pictures, books or video or audio recordings which go against Islamic etiquette or Islamic beliefs.
8- Displaying 3-D or promiscuous images, or the symbols of non-Islamic religions such as the cross, the star of David, images of the Buddha, and the like.
9- Manufacturing or promoting or trading in intoxicants.
10- Means that lead to immoral actions such as adultery, homosexuality and gambling, or running houses and places where evil and immoral actions may be committed.
11- Manifest bid’ah (innovation), such as venerating certain times and places for which there is no sanction in sharee’ah, or celebrating innovated, un-Islamic festivals and occasions.
12- Practising witchcraft, magic and trickery in order to consume people’s wealth unlawfully.
13- Cheating in weights and measures.